salon dergisinde justin elliott imzasıyla yayınlanan arabic for right-wingers
başlıklı makalede cihad kavramının doğru ve yanlış kullanımları şöyle aktarılmıştır:
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the term: jihad
how it's used: as casual shorthand for muslims' war against the west
example: "stealth jihadis use political, cultural, societal, religious, intellectual tools; violent jihadis use violence. but in fact they're both engaged in jihad and they're both seeking to impose the same end state which is to replace western civilization with a radical imposition of sharia." -- newt gingrich
what it actually means: literally, "struggle" or "exertion" in the path of god, following god's will. it is a concept with multiple meanings, used and abused throughout islamic history. the importance of jihad is rooted in the quran’s command to struggle in the path of god and in the example of the prophet muhammad and his early companions. the two broad meanings of jihad, nonviolent and violent, are contrasted in a well-known prophetic tradition. "greater" jihad is the struggle within oneself to live a righteous life and submit oneself to god’s will. "lesser" jihad is the defense of islam and the muslim community.
jihad as struggle pertains to the difficulty and complexity of living a good life: struggling against the evil in oneself -- to be virtuous and moral, making a serious effort to do good works and help to reform society. depending on the circumstances in which one lives, it also can mean fighting injustice and oppression, spreading and defending islam, and creating a just society through preaching, teaching and, if necessary, armed struggle or holy war. a radicalized violent minority combines militancy with messianic visions to inspire and mobilize an army of god whose jihad they believe will liberate muslims at home and abroad.
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