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    come
    come along: to arrive at a place
    come apart: to separate into pieces
    come round/around: to become conscious again
    come out: to disappear or become less strong (of dirt or colour on clothing/material
    come out: to become public knowledge after it has been kept secret (of the truth)
    come out: to be given to people (of result or information)
    come out: to leave after a period in a place (of hospital/prison)
    come off: to happen as planned or to succeed
    come about: to happen, or to start to happen
    come up: to be mentioned or talked about in conversation
    come up: to happen, usually unexpectedly
    come up: if a job or opportunity comes up, it becomes available
    come up against sth: to have to deal with a problem
    come across: to find something by chance
    come to sth: if you come to a decision, arrangement, etc., you make a decision or decide what to think about something
    come down to sth: if a situation or decision comes down to something, that is the thing that influences it most
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    get
    get together (often + with): if two or ore people get together, they meet in order to do something or spend time together
    get on (often + with): if two or more people get on, they like each other and are friendly to each other
    get on (often + with): to continue doing something, especially work
    get behind (often + with): if you get behind with work or with payments, you have not done as much work or paid as mush as you should by a particular time
    get sth over with: to do and complete something difficult or unpleasant that must be done
    get away: to leave a place or person, often when the situation makes it difficult for you to do so
    can’t/couldn’t get over sth: to ve very surprised or shocked that something has happened or that something is true
    get away with: to succeed in not being criticised or punished for something wrong that you have done
    get by: to be able to live or deal with a situation with difficulty, usually by having just enough of something you need, such as money
    get around/round: to succeed in avoiding or solving a problem
    get around/round to sth: to do something that you have intended to do for a long time
    get at sb: to criticize a person repeatedly
    get at sth: when someone is getting at something, they mean it or are trying to express it
    get away with sth: to do something successfully although it is not the best way of doing it
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    go
    go along with sb/sth: to support an idea, or agree with someone’s opinion
    go on: to continue exist or happen
    go on: to happen
    go through with: to do something unpleasant or difficult which you planned or promised to do
    go together: if two types of thing or people go together, they are usually found with each other
    go through sth: to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation
    go in for sth: to take part in a competition
    go without (sth): to not have something or to manage to live despite not having something
    go out: if a light or something that is burning goes out, it stops producing light or heat
    go about sth: to begin to do something or deal with something
    go for sth: to choose something
    go through sth: to examine something that contains a collection of things carefully in order to organize them or find something
    go off: to leave a place and go somewhere else
    go on: to continue or move to the next thing
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    look
    look at sth: to read something in order to check it or form an opinion about it
    look at sth: if someone, usually an expert, looks at something, they examine it
    look out: to watch what is happening and be careful
    look on: to watch something happen but not become involved in it
    look up to sb: to respect and admire them
    look down on sb/sth: to think that someone or something is less important than you, or that something is not good enough quality for you to use
    look after sb/sth: to take care of someone or something by doing what is needed to keep someone or something well or in good condition
    look ahead: to think about what will happen in the future and plan for those events
    look around/round: to try find something you want (e.g. job) by asking different people or by looking in different places
    look forward to sth/doing sth: to feel pleased and excited about something that is going to happen
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    make
    make up sth: to form the whole of something
    make for somewhere: to go in the direction of
    make out sth/sb: to be able to see or hear something or someone with difficulty
    make up sth or make sth up: to invent something e.g. a story or game
    make up sth or make sth up: say or write something that is not true in order to deceive
    make out sb or make sb out: to understand why someone behaves as they do
    make out sth or make sth out: to understand something, especially why something has happened
    make up for sth: provide something good in order to make a bad situation better
    make it up to sb: to do something good for someone who you have done something bad to in the past, or to someone who has done something good for you
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    put
    put (sth) in: to fix a large piece of equipment or system into a room or building, ready to be used
    put on: to make a device operate, or to cause a device to play something, such as a cd or dvd, by pressing a switch
    put sth out: to make a light stop shining by pressing a switch
    put sth up: to build something
    put up: to open something that is folded or rolled up so that it is ready to use
    put sb off: to tell someone that you cannot see them or do something for them, or stop them from doing something, until a later time
    put sth off: to decide or arrange to delay an event or activity until a later time or date
    put back: to change the date or time of an event so that it happens later than planned
    put forward: to make a watch or clock show a later time
    put back: to make a watch or clock show an earlier time
    put sb out: 1. to cause trouble or extra work for someone
    2. [m usually passive] to annoy or upset someone, often by what you do or say to them
    put up with sb/sth: to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation or experience, or someone who behaves unpleasantly
    put sb on: 1. to persuade someone that something is true when it is not, usually as a joke
    2. to try to deceive someone into believing something that is not true
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    take
    take sth apart: to separate something into its different parts
    take sth back: to return something you have bought to a shop
    take sth back: to admit that something you said was wrong
    take sb aside: to separate someone from a group of people so that you can speak to them privately
    take off: to suddenly leave somewhere, usually without telling anyone that you are going
    take up sth or take sth up: to start doing a particular job or activity
    take off sth or take sth off (sth): to subtract a particular amount from a total
    take away sth or take sth away: to subtract a first number from a second number
    take back sth or take sth back: to admit to something you said was wrong
    take in sth or take sth in: look at something carefully, noticing all the details
    take out: to subscribe to or register for something officially
    take to: to start to do something often
    take up with: to be very busy doing something
    take sb up on sth: to accept an offer that someone has made
    take it out of sb: to make someone very tired
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    clear (sth) up: to make a place tidy by removing things from it or putting them where they should be
    sweep (up): to clean especially a floor by using a brush to collect the dirt into one place from which it can be removed
    tidy (up): make a room or a group of things tidy by putting things in the correct place
    jumble (up): to mix things together untidily
    hang (up): hang something, especially clothes, on a hook
    load (up): to put a lot of things into a vehicle or machine
    clog (up): to (cause something to) become blocked or filled so that movement or activity is difficult
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    these three sentences could be written without up but up emphasises the meaning of “finish it all or completely”
    use sth up: to finish a supply of something
    eat (sth) up: to eat all the food that you have been given
    drink (sth) up: to finish your drink completely
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    show up: to arrive somewhere in order to join a group of people, especially late or unexpectedly
    turn up (somewhere): to arrive or appear somewhere, usually unexpectedly or in a way that was not planned
    open up: to start a new shop or business
    liven (sth) up: to become more interesting and exciting, or to make something become like this
    divide (up): to share
    divide into: to separate something into smaller parts or groups
    chop (up): to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife, or other sharp instrument
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    out meaning not in
    many phrasal verbs with out have an association with the basic meaning of out, i.e. not in
    leave out sth/sb or leave sth/sb out: to not include someone or something
    cut out sth or cut sth out: to remove something or form a shape by cutting, usually from paper or cloth
    show out sb or show sb out: to go to the door of the building with someone who does not live or work there, when they are leaving
    see out sb or see sb out: to go to the door of a building or room with someone who does not live or work there, when they are leaving
    let out sb/sth or let sb/sth out: to allow a person or animal to leave, usually by opening a locked or closed door
    lock out sb or lock sb out: to prevent someone from entering a building or room by locking the door
    lock yourself out: accidently prevent yourself from getting into a building by leaving the keys inside when you shut the door
    out meaning to the end or completely
    sometimes out phrasal verbs gives an idea of completing or doing something to the end
    sort out: to arrange things that were untidy
    clear sth out: to tidy a place by getting rid of things that you do not want
    wear (sth) out: to use something so much that it is damaged and cannot be used any more, or to become damaged in this way:
    run out: to finish, use, or sell all of something, so that there is none left
    other uses of out
    spread out: to arrange on a flat surface
    come out: to be available to buy or see
    try out: to test to find out if it works or decide whether you like it
    help out: if you help out, you do a part of someone's work or give someone money
    lose out: to not have an advantage that other people have
    stress out: to make someone feel very nervous and worried
    burn out: to be forced to stop working because you have become ill or very tired from working too hard
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    leaving places
    off sometimes combines with verbs to express the idea of something or someone leaving a place
    lift off: to leave the ground (of a spacecraft)
    head off: to start a journey or leave a place
    send off: to send a letter, document or parcel by post
    slip off: to leave a place quietely so that other people do not notice you going
    clear off: to leave a place quickly (informal)
    ending or changing state
    off sometimes expresses the idea of moving towards an ending or a change of state
    see sb off: to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye to them
    sell sth off: to sell all or part of a business
    doze off: if you doze off, you start to sleep, especially during the day
    break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
    run off: to leave somewhere or someone suddenly
    run sth off: if you run off copies of something, you print them
    run sth off: to quickly and easily write something that is usually slow or difficult to write, such as a piece of poetry or music
    other expressions with off
    put off: to make someone dislike something or someone, or to discourage someone from doing something
    hold off: to delay doing something
    turn sb off: to stop someone feeling interested or excited, especially sexually
    laugh off: to make yourself laugh about something unpleasant in order to make it seem less important or serious
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    on and in
    on
    on in phrasal verbs sometimes has a clear link with the basic pyshical meaning of on
    try sth on: to put on a piece of clothing to discover if it fits you or if you like it
    put sth on: to pretend to have a particular feeling or way of behaving that is not real or natural to you
    weigh on/upon sb/sth: if a problem or responsibility weighs on you, it makes you worried or unhappy
    rely/depend/count on/upon: to be confideent that someone will help you
    on in phrasal verbs also often contains an idea of further
    keep on: to continue to do something
    pass sth on: to give someone something that another person has given you
    in
    here are some of the many phrasal verbs that use in. ın each case there is a link with the basic physical meaning of in.
    call in: to visit someone for a short time, usually when going somewhere else
    take sth in or take in sth: to make a piece of clothing narrower, by changing the position of some of the stitches joining it together
    rub sth in or rub in sth: to put a substance on the surface of something and rub it so that goes into the surface
    lock sb in or lock in sb: to prevent someone from leaving a room or building by locking the door
    push in (informal): to rudely join a line of people who are waiting by going in front of some of the people who are already there
    sink in: to start to be believed (used about something unpleasant or surprising, which usually has implications)
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    down and over
    different meaning of down
    down
    general meaning of down: move in the direction of the ground
    chop/cut down: to cut through it so that it falls to the ground
    general meaning of down: heaviness which causes difficulty
    weigh down: to carry too much
    load down: too carry too many things
    general meaning of down: put on paper
    note down: to put something on paper or on an electronic device, especially something that someone says
    note down: to write something on a piece of paper or type it on an electronic device so that you do not forget it
    general meaning of down: reduce a number or amount, or not let it rise
    keep down: to stop the number, level or size of something from increasing
    cut down: to eat or drink less of a particular thing, usually in order to improve your health
    general meaning of down: stop an activity
    shut down: to close and stop working
    close down: to stop doing business
    over
    read over: to read something from the beginning to the end in order to find any mistakes or to understand it better
    look over: to quickly examine something
    go over: to talk or think about something in order to explain it or make sure that it is correct
    hand over: to give something to someone else
    stay over: to spend the night somewhere else rather than going home
    get over: to recover from an illness or disappointment
    fall over: to fall the ground
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    around and about
    spending time
    around and about are often interchangeable in phrasal verbs
    phrasal verbs with around and about often express the idea of acting in a relaxed way, or without a particular purpose or without concentrating
    wait about/around: to stay one place without doing anything as you wait for something to happen
    laze about/around: to relax and enjoy yourself by doing very little
    sit about/around (somewhere): to spend time sitting down and doing very little
    hang about/around/round (somewhere) (informal): to spend time somewhere without doing very much
    mess about/around: 1. to spend time playing or doing things with no particular purpose
    2. to behave stupidly, waste time doing unimportant things
    mess sb about/around (informal): to treat someone badly or waste their time, e.g. by changing your mind or not doing what you promised
    lite about/around: to spent time lying down doing very little
    being in a place
    mill about/around/round: to walk around a particular place or area, usually while waiting for something
    stand about/around/round: to spend time standing in a place waiting for someone or doing very little
    stich around: (informal) to stay somewhere for a period of time
    take around/round: to visit a place with someone showing them the most interesting or important parts
    show around/round: to go with someone to a place that they have not visited before and show them the interesting part
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    for and with
    they must go before the object of the verb
    for
    go for: to try to ge tor achieve it
    root for: (informal) to show support for someone who is in a competition or who is doing something difficult
    ask for sth: if you say you couldn't ask for someone or something better, you mean that rot person or thing is the best of their type
    live for sth/sb: to have something or someone as the most important thing in your life
    send for: to send someone a message asking them to come to see you
    call for sb: to go to a place in order to collect someone
    stand for: 1. to support or represent a particular idea or set of ideas
    2. if one or more letters stand for a word or name, they are the first letter or letters of that word or name and they represent it
    to die for: excellent or to be strongly wished for
    with
    could do with sb/sth: to need or want something or someone (informal)
    deal with sth: if something (e.g. book, film, article) deals with a particular subject or idea, it is about that subject or idea
    stick wit it: to continue doing something even though it is difficult (informal)
    go with sth: if one thing goes with another, they suit each other or they look or taste good together
    put up with sb/sth: to accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant situation, even though you do not like it
    catch up with sb: to meet someone you know, after not seeing them for a period of time
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    through and back
    through
    through in phrasal verbs gives an idea of going from one side of something to the other, or from the beginning to the end of something. bote that with most of these phrasal verbs through must go begore the object of the verb
    sleep through: if you sleep through a lot of noise or an activity, it does not wake you or keep you awake
    live through: to experience a difficult situation or event
    flick through: to look quickly at the pages of a magazine, book, etc.
    look through: to read something quickly
    go through: to carefully read or discuss something to make sure that it is correct
    take sb through sth: to explain something or show them how to do it
    see through: to realise what someone is really like or what someone is trying to do
    back
    back in phrasal verbs or expressions usually conveys the idea of returning
    send back: to return something to the person who sent it to you, especially because it is damaged or not suitable
    take back: to return something you have bought to a shop
    call/phone/ring back: to phone someone again, or to phone someone who called you earlier
    bounce back: to start to be successful again after a difficult period, for example after experiencing failure, loss of confidence, illness, or unhappiness
    note that with the verbs above back can go before or after the object of the verb
    answer back: to speak rudely when answering someone in authority
    go back: to have existed since a time in the past
    bite back: to react angrily, especially to someone who has done something unpleasant to you
    bite sth back: to stop yourself from saying something or from expressing an emotion
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    into and away
    into
    run into: to meet someone you know when you are not expecting to
    look into: to investigate and examine the facts about a problem or situation
    burst into: to suddenly start to make a noise, especially to start crying, laughing or singing
    read into: to believe that an action, remark, or situation has a particular importance or meaning, often when this is not true
    go into: to describe and discuss something in a detailed way
    throw into: to do something actively and enthusiastically
    enter into sth: to start to become involved in something, especially a discussion or agreement (not that you enter a room, not enter into a room)
    buy into: to completely believe in a set of idea
    away
    tidy away sth or tidy sth away: to put things in cupboards and drawers, etc. after you have been using them
    pack away sth or pack sth away: to put something into a bag or container, or in the place where it is usually kept
    tear sb away (usually + from): to force someone to stop doing something they enjoy in order to do something else
    stay away from sth: to avoid something that has a bad effect on you
    turn away: to move your face so you are not looking at something
    lock yourself away: to go to a room or building where you can be alone, usually so that you can work
    run away (often + from): to secretly leave a place because you are unhappy there
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    success and failure
    bring off: to succeed in doing something difficult
    catch on: become popular
    take off: to suddenly start to be successful or popular
    take over: to get control of a company by buying enough of the shares in it
    fall down: to fail
    fall through: to fail to happen
    come off: to happen as planned or to succeed
    pull off: to succeed in doing something difficult or unexpected
    build on: to use a success or achievement as a base from which to achieve more success
    walk into: to get very easily
    muddle through: to manage to do something although you are not organized and do not know how to do it
    catch up: to reach the same quality or standard as someone
    pay off: to be successful
    keep up: to make progress at the same speed as something or someone else in order tos tay at the same level as them
    stay ahead: to continue to be more advanced and successful than other people
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    starting and finishing
    starting
    set about sth/doing sth: to start doing something that uses a lot of time or energy
    set out: to start a journey
    start off or start out: to begin life, existence or a profession in a particular way
    finishing
    call off: to decide that a planned event, especially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible
    dry up: to end or stop coming
    break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
    finish off: to complete the last part of something that you are doing
    polish off: to finish something quickly and easily, especially a lot of food or work
    pack up: to stop working or doing another regular activity

    give up: to stop doing or having something
    cut down: to reduce the amount or number
    wind down: to relax and allow your mind to be free from worry after a period of work or some other activity that has made you worried
    fizzle out: to gradually end, often in a disappointing or weak way
    give up: to stop doing something before you have finished it, usually because it is too difficult
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    actions and movement
    fall down: to fall to the ground
    get down: to get something that is above your head by reaching with your hand
    slow down: to drive more slowly
    wrap up: to cover in paper, especially in order to give as a present
    tie up: to put string or rope around something so that it is fastened together
    blow up: to fill the air
    pick up: to lift using your hands
    tear up: to tear into a lot of small pieces
    move up: to move slightly so that there is enough space for someone else
    slow up: to make someone or something slower
    other action and movement verbs
    move over: to change the place where you are sitting or standing so that there is space for someone else to is tor stand
    pop out: to leave the place i am to go somewehere for a short time
    reach out: to stretch my arm in front of my body, usually in order to ge tor touch something
    help on/off: help me for something
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    destroying and reacting to destruction
    fall apart: to break into pieces because of being too old or too weak
    pull down sth or pull sth down: to destroy a building or other structure because it is not wanted any more
    screw up or screw sth up: to twist or crush paper or material with your hands
    tear apart sth or tear sth apart: to pull something violently so that it breaks into two or more pieces
    tear down sth or tear sth down: to violently destroy a building or other structure because it is not wanted
    knock over sth/sb or knock sth/sb over: to hit or push someone or something, usually accidently, so that they fall to the ground or onto their side
    put out sth or put sth out: to make something that is burning, e.g. a fire, stop burning
    root out sb/sth or root sb/sth out: to find and get rid of the thing or person that is causing a problem
    stamp out sth or stamp sth out: to get rid of something that is considered wrong or harmful
    reacting to destruction and negative situations
    fight back: to defend yourself when someone attacks you or causes problems for you
    bend/lean over backwards: to try very hard to do something
    see sb through sth: o help or support someone during a difficult period in their life
    turn on sb: to attack or criticize someone suddenly and unexpectedly
    set sb back (sth): to cost someone a large amount of money
    see to sth/sb: to deal with a person or task that needs to be dealt with or is waiting to be dealt with
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    managing subjects and topics
    bring up: to start to talk about
    get on to: to start talking about after discussing something else
    run through: to repeat something, usually quickly, to make sure it is correct
    leave aside: to not discuss one subject so that you can discuss a different subject
    come back to: to return to discuss it at a future time
    spell out: to explain in detail
    deal with: to discuss or give our attention to
    note that some of the phrasal verbs above can have the object before or after the particle: bring sth up or bring up sth, leave sth aside or leave aside sth, spell sth out or spell out sth
    communications and interacting with others
    keep to sth: to do what you have promised or planned to do
    turn to sb/sth: to ask a person or organization for help or support
    bubble over: o be very excited and enthusiastic
    order about/around: to tell someone what they should do in an unpleasant or forceful way, especially repeatedly
    pass on: to tell someone something that another person has told you
    turn down: to refuse an offer or request
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    describing people and places
    describing people
    dress up: to put on forma lor special clothes
    put on: to put a piece of clothing onto your body
    do up: to fasten
    wrap up: to dress in arm clothes
    freshen up: to make someone or something clean and pleasant
    describing places
    set apart: to make it different, usually better, than others of the same type
    stick out: to go past the surface or edge of something
    comparing and contrasting people and things
    tell apart: to be able to see the difference between two very similar things or people
    stand out: to be very noticeable
    blend in: to look or seem the same as surrounding people or things and therefore not be easily noticeable
    go together: to look good together
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    describing public events
    book up: if an event, person or place is booked up, there is no space or time available for someone
    pour in: to arrive or enter somewhere in very large numbers
    pack out: to make a place very full
    take off: to copy the way a person or animal behaves, often in order to make people laugh
    stand in: to play the role of someone for a short period of time
    put on: to produce
    tie in with: to plan an event or activity so that it combines with or happens at the same time as another, or to be planned in this way
    walk out: to leave an event such as a meeting or performance because you are angry or disapprove of something
    send up: to make someone or something seem stupid by copying them in a funny way
    turn out: if people turn out for an event, they go to be there or to watch
    other verbs connected with events
    call off sth or call sth off: to cancel something, especially because it no longer seems possible or useful
    cram into/in somewhere: to go into a place even though it is too small and becomes very full
    pass off: to happen, especially in a good way
    put off sth or put sth off: to postpone to a later date
    put back sth or put sth back: to arrange something for a later time
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    giving and getting information
    referring to information in academic writing
    come under sth: to be included in or may be found in
    draw on/upon sth: to use information or your knowledge or experience of something to help you do something
    point out sth (often + that): to present a new fact, especially one that is important in the present discussion or situation
    turn to sth/sb: to begin to think, speak or write about a subject
    noticing and understanding information
    latch on: to begin to understand something
    take in: to understand completely the meaning or importance of something
    watch out for: to be careful to notice someone or something interesting
    find out: to get information about something because you want to know more about it, or to learn a fact or piece of information for the first time
    check up on: to try to discover what someone is doing in order to be certain that they are doing what they should be doing
    track down: to find something or someone after looking for them in a lot of different places
    other verbs connected with information
    give up: to stop trying to guess
    slip out: if a remark slips out, you say it without intending to
    match up: if two pieces of information match up, they are the same
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    solving problems
    talk over: to discuss something before making a decision
    sort sth/sb out: to deal successfully with a problem, a situation, or a person who is having difficulties
    bottle out: to suddenly decide not to do something because you feel frightened and lose your confidence
    let out: when something that people go to, such as school or a show, lets out, it ends and everyone leave
    call for: to need or deserve a particular action, remark, or quality
    deal with: to take action to achieve something
    finding solution
    face up to: to accept that a difficult situation exists
    see about: to prepare for or deal with an action or event, or to arrange for something to be done
    lie in: to exist or be found in something
    come up with: to suggest or think of an idea or plan
    narrow down: to make a number or list of things smaller, by removing the things that are least important, necessary, or suitable
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    decisions and plans
    thinking about things and deciding
    sleep on: to delay making a decision about something important until the next day so that you have time to consider it carefully
    do without: to manage without something
    weigh up: to think carefully about the advantages or disadvantages of a situation before making a decision
    run by: to tell someone about something so that they can give their opinion about it
    plan ahead: to make decisions or plans about something you will do or might do in the future
    think ahead: to think carefully about what might happen in the future
    think over: to think carefully about the idea before making a decision
    think through: to think carefully about risks and consider the possible consequences
    other verbs connected with planning and deciding
    allow for: to consider something when you are planning something
    bargain for: to expect or be prepared for something
    opt out: to choose not to be part of an activity or to stop being involved in it
    chicken out: to decide not to do something because you are too frightened
    have on: if you have something on, you have planned to do it:
    be set against: be opposed to
    do without: to manage without having something
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    disagreeing
    cry out against sth: to complain loudly about something that you do not approve of
    stick together: if people stick together, they support and help each other
    speak out: to give your opinion about something in public, especially on a subject that you have strong feelings about
    give in: to finally agree to what someone wants, after refusing for a period of time
    stay ot of: to not become involved in an argument or discussion
    private disagreements
    fall out: to argue with someone and stop being friendly with them
    put down: to make someone feel silly or not important by criticizing them
    get to: if someone gets to you, they make you feel upset or angry
    stick up for: to support or defend someone or something, especially when they are being criticized
    hold against: to like someone less because they have done something wrong or behaved badly in the past
    back
    the verb back is often used to refer to the position you take in an argument or decision
    back up sb or back sb up: to say that someone is telling the truth
    back down: to admit that you are wrong or have been defeated, often because you are forced to
    back out: to decide not to do something that you were going to do or had agree to do
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    persuading
    put across/over sth or put sth across/over: to cause a piece of false information to be believed by one or more people:
    put forward sth or put sth forward: to state an idea or opinion, or to suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider
    put sth to sb: to suggest an idea or plan to someone so that they can consider it or discuss it
    talk sb around/round: to persuade someone to agree with you or to do what you want them to do
    talk sb into sth/doing sth: to persuade someone to do something
    talk sb out of sth/doing sth: to persuade someone not to do something
    other verbs connected with persuading people
    call for: to say a particular thing should be done, usually in order to change or improve a situation
    brush aside: to refuse to consider something seriously because you feel that it is not important:
    bring round: to persuade someone to have the same opinion as you have
    press for: to try persuade someone, usually someone in authority, to give you something or to allow something to happen
    rope in: to persuade someone to do something for you
    have on: to persuade someone that something is true when it is not, usually as a joke:
    fall for: to be tricked into believing something that is not true
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    praising and criticising
    stand out: to publicly oppose something or someones
    show off: to behave in a way that is intended to attract attention or admiration, and that other people often find annoying
    measure up: to be good enough, or as good as someone or something else
    screw up: to make a mistake, or to spoil something
    play at (always used in the continuous form; always used in questions): doing; when you ask what someone is playing at, you are surprised or angry about their behaviour
    ways of criticising
    lay into: to attack someone physically or to criticize them in an angry way
    pick on: to criticize, punish, or be unkind to the same person often and unfairly
    hit back: to attack or criticize someone who has attacked or criticized you
    take out on: to treat someone badly because you are upset or angry, even if they have done nothing wrong
    rub in: to talk to someone about something that you know they want to forget because they feel bad about it
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    the classroom and learning
    hand/turn in: to give something to someone in a position of authority
    give/hand out
    clean off/rub out/wipe off: to clean
    work out: to do a calculation to get an answer to a mathematical question
    cross out: to draw a line through something you have written, usually because it is wrong
    miss out: to fail to include someone or something that should be included
    act out: to perform the actions and say the words of a situation or story
    put away: to put something in the place or container where it is usually kept
    other classroom phrasal verbs
    fall behind: to fail to do something fast enough or on time
    catch up: to reach the same quality or standard as someone or something else
    play up: when children play up, they behave badly
    mess up: to spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly:
    spread out: to open out something that has been folded
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    students life: courses and exams
    enrolling on courses
    break up: when schools and colleges, or the teachers and students who go to them break up, their classes stop and the holidays start
    go back: to return
    sign up: to agree to become involved in an organized activity
    drop put: if a student drops out, they stop going to classes before they have finished their course
    write up: to write something in a complete or final form using notes that you have made
    throw out: to force someone to leave a college, school, house, or organization
    before an exam
    keep up: to continue to do something
    brush up on: to practise and improve your skills or your knowledge or something, usually something you learned in the past but have partly forgotten
    come up: to appear
    mug up: to quickly try to learn the main facts about a subject, especially before an exam (often + on)
    scrape through: to manage with a lot of difficulty, to succeed in something
    swot up: to learn as much as you can about a subject, especially before an exam
    polish up: to improve a skill, especially when you have allowed it to become less good over a period of time
    pick up: to learn a new skill or language by practising it rather than being taught it
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    student life: reading and writing
    reading
    read up on:
    dip into:
    turn over:
    read out:
    writing
    write out sth or write sth out: to write something again in a better or more complete way
    note down sth or note sth down: to write or record words or numbers, often so that you do not forget them
    jot down sth or jot sth down: to write or record something quickly on a piece of paper or an electronic device so that you remember it
    scribble down sth or scribble sth down: to write something very quickly on a piece of paper
    fill in sth or fill sth in: to write or record all the necessary information of an official document, e.g. a form
    fill out sth or fill sth out: to write or record all the necessary information on an official document, e.g. a form
    improving a piece of writing
    cut out: to remove
    sum up: to describe briefly the most important points
    tone down: to make it less critical or offensive
    crop up: to appear
    touch on: to mention briefly (also touch upon)
    set out: to give all the details or explain clearly, especially in writing
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    talking informally about your work or career
    get ahead: to be successful in a job
    take on: to accept a particular job or responsibility
    take sb on: to employ someone
    fill in: to give someone extra or missing information
    stand down: to give up your official job or position
    take over: to start doing a job or being responsible for something that another person did or had responsibility for before
    carry out: to do or complete something
    step down: to leave your job
    hand over: to give someone else responsibility or control
    more work-related phrasal verbs
    fix up: to provide or arrange something for someone
    pencil in: to arrange for something to happen on a particular date, knowing the arrangement might be changed later
    knock off: (informal) to stop working, usually at the end of a day
    lay off: to stop employing someone, usually because there is no work for them to do
    follow up: to do something in order to maket he effect of an earlier action or thing stronger or more certain
    pull together: to work hard as a group in order to achieve something
    leave to: (informal) to go away from someone so that they so something by themselves or so they can continue what they are doing
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    work: being busy
    being busy
    tie sth up: to cause something, often money or possessions, not to be available for use
    pile up: (of something bad) to increase
    be snowed under: to have so much work that you have problems dealing with it all
    slave away: to work very hard with little or no rest
    catch up: to do something you did not have time to do earlier
    working hard
    branch out: to start to do something different from what you usually do, especially in your job
    work on: to spend time repairing or improving something
    work toward: to try hard to achieve
    keep (sb) at ito continue working hard at something difficult, or to make someone continue to work hard
    stick at: to continue trying hard to do something difficult
    chase: to try to get something that is difficult to get or achieve
    move along: to develop in a satisfactory way
    squeeze in: to manage to do something or see someone in a short period of time or when you are very busy
    wriggle out of: to avoid doing something that you do not want to do
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    money: salaries, bills, payments
    formal and informal
    take out sth or take sth out (withdraw): to get money from a bank
    cut back sth or cut sth back (reduce): to decrease the amount of money that is being spent on something
    pay back sth or pay sth back (repay): to pay someone the money that you owe them
    come to sth (total): to be a particular total when amounts or numbers are added together
    paying bills and debts
    pay off: to pay back all the money owed
    pay up: to pay money owed, especially when you do not want to
    run up: to cause you to owe a large amount of money
    settle up: to pay someone the money owed to them
    other verbs connected with money
    save up: to keep money
    set aside: to use money for special purpose
    write off: to accept that an amount of money has been lost
    get back: to be given something again that you had before
    give away: to give something to somebody without asking for payment
    pick up: to buy something cheaply
    knockdown: very cheap
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    money and buying
    shopping and buying good
    beat down: to persuade someone to accept a lower amount of money for something
    knock off: to take a particular amount away from a price
    pick up: to buy something cheaply
    club together: if a group of people club together, they share the cost of something between them
    rip off: to cheat someone by making them pay too much money for something
    shop around: to compare the price and quality of the same or a similar object in different shops before you decide which one to buy
    snap up: to buy or get something quickly and enthusiastically because it is cheap or exactly what you want
    fork out for: to pay for something, especially when you do not want to
    other buying verbs
    stock up: to buy large quantities of
    skimp on: to spend too little money on or use too little of
    splash out: to spend a lot of money on buying things, especially things that are pleasant to have but that you do not need
    run up: if you run up a debt, you do things that cause you to owe a large amount of money
    sell off: to sell all or part of a business
    sell out: if a supply of something sells out, there is no more of that thing to buy
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    business
    starting and doing business
    start up: to create (a business or other organisation)
    set up: to start (a company or organisation)
    hire out: to allow someone to use something or someone temporarily in exchange for money
    run into: to reach a particular cost or amount, as a total
    spin-off: a product that develops from another more important product
    set-up: business arrangement
    ups and downs in business
    sell up: to sell your house or company in order to go somewhere else or do something else
    outlet: shop
    turnover: amount of money or business made by a company in a period of time
    take over: to get control of a company by buying most of its shares
    wind down: to gradually reduce the amount of work being done until it closes completely
    upkeep: cost or process of keeping a building or something in good condition
    pour into: to provide a lot of money for something over a long period
    put at: to roughly calculates at a particular amount
    go under: to fall financially
    run to: to reach a particular amount, usually a large amount
    takeover: act of gaining control of a company
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    calling people
    conversations on the phone or the internet
    call back: to call someone fort he second time, or call someone who rang you earlier
    put through: to connect a phone or internet caller to the person they want to speak to
    cut off: to stop people from continuing a phone conversation by breaking the phone connection
    listen in: to secretly listen to a conversation
    conservations about calling
    call around: to call several people, often in order to find out information
    get back to sb: to talk to someone again, usually on the phone, in order to give them some information or because you were not able to speak to them before
    call back: to phone someone again, or to phone someone who called you earlier
    call up: to phone someone
    get through: to manage to talk to someone on the phone or on the internet
    put on: to give someone the telephone so that they can speak to the person who is on it
    hang up: to end a phone conversation
    ring off: to end a phone conversation intentionally
    call in: to call someone at your place of work to explain why you are not there
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    feelings
    feelings go up and down
    up and down phrasal verbs connected with feelings often refer to positive and negative emotions and emotional events, or a more emotional intensity or less emotional intensity
    up
    brighten up: to suddenly look or feel happier
    cheer up: to make someone start to feel happier
    be hung up on sth: to become worried by a particular subject and spend a lot of time thinking about it (informal)
    down
    break down: to be unable to control your feelings and to start to cry
    calm down: to stop feeling angry, upset, or excited
    cool down: to become calmer
    more verbs connected with feelings
    bottle up: when a person bottles things up, they refuse to talk about things that make them angry or worried
    tear sb apart: to make someone very unhappy
    carry away: to become so excited about something that you do not control what you say or do
    jump at: to accept eagerly
    warm to: to become more enthusiastic about an idea
    grow on: if someone or something grows on you, you like them more and more although you did not like them at first
    take to: to start to like someone or something
    feel for: to feel sorry for someone who is unhappy or in a difficult situation
    hang-up: feelings of embarrassment of fear about something, often when it is not necessary to feel that way (informal)
    pull together: to become calm after being very upset or angry
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    relationships
    talking about relationships
    go out with: to have a romantic relationship with
    fall out: to argue with someone and stop being friendly with them
    chat up: to talk to someone in a way that shows them that you are sexually attracted to them
    falling-out: an argument
    fall for: to suddenly have strong romantic feelings about someone
    fit in: to feel that you belong to a particular group and are accepted by them
    get along: to have a good relationship
    ask out: to invite someone to come with you to a place such as the cinema or a restaurant, especially as a way of starting a romantic relationship
    being attracted to someone
    hit it off: to like someone and become friendly immediately
    pair off: to start a romantic relationship with someone
    chat up: to talk to someone in a way that shows them that you are sexually attracted to them
    go for: to like that type of person or thing
    relationships: problems
    split up: to end a relationship or marriage
    drift apart: to gradually become less friendly and the relationship ends
    finish with: to end a romantic relationship (informal)
    break off: to end a relationship
    grow apart: to gradually become less friendly, often because you do not have the same interests and opinions any more
    break off with: to end a romantic relationship with someone
    break up: to end romantic relationship, or marriage
    let down: to disappoint someone by failing to do what you agreed to do or were expected to do
    make up: to forgive someone and be friendly with them again after an argument or disagreement
    break-up: the act or event of breaking up
    miss out: to fail to use an opportunity to enjoy or get an advantage from something
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    secrets and conversations
    secrets
    keep sth from sb: to not tell someone about something
    open up: o start to talk more about yourself and your feelings
    pour out: to tell all your problems or feelings to someone
    go back on: to fail to keep a promise, or to change a decision or agreement
    let on: to tell someone about something that you know, when it is secret
    outpouring: long and emotional expression of what you are feeling
    own up: to admit you have done something wrong
    conversations
    keep on at sb: to talk to someone about something many times, usually complain about something they have done or not done
    talk down to sb: to talk to someone as if they were less intelligent than you or not important
    play down sth or play sth down: to make something seem less important or less bad than it really is
    pin down sb or pin sb down: to make someone provide details about something or make a decision about something
    have it out with sb (informal): to talk to someone about something they have done that makes you angry, in order to try to solve the problem
    wind up sb or wind sb up (informal): to tell someone something that is not true in order to make a joke or to annoy them
    mouth off (informal): to talk about something as if you know more than everyone else or to complain a lot about something
    shut (sb) up (informal): to stop talking or making a noise, or to make someone do this
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    stages through life
    name after: to give the same name as someone lese
    take after: to be similar to an older member of your family in appearance or character
    bring up: to care for a child until it is an adult, often giving it particular beliefs
    grow up: to gradually become an adult
    carry on: to continue
    end up: to finally be in a particular place or situation
    become of: to happen to
    drop out: to stop going to classes before completing a course
    wind up: to end, or to make an activity end
    live up to: to be as good as something
    pass for: to appear to be someone or something else
    hand down: to give something to someone younger than you in the family because you want them to have it or because you no longer need it
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    health
    symptoms
    throw up: to vomit
    come down with: to start to suffer from an illness, especially one that is not serious
    go down with: to start to suffer from an infectious disease
    fight off: to try hard to get rid of
    put out: to injure part of your body by causing it to be moved out of its correct position
    shake off: to get rid of
    swell up: to become larger or rounder than usual
    blocked-up: filled so that you are unable to breathe normally
    pass out: to become unconscious; fainted
    break down: to become mentally or physically ill because of an unpleasant experience
    care for: to look after someone
    pull through: to recover form a serious illness
    slow down: to become less physically active than before
    pass away: to die
    pass on: to die
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    homes and daily routines
    homes
    move out: to stop living in a particular house or flat
    move in: to begin living in a new house or flat
    move in together: to start living in the same house as someone
    live on sth: to have an amount of money in order to buy the things you need
    live off sth: to have enough money for the things you need by taking it from a supply of money or another person
    put up sb or put sb up: to let someone stay in your home for a short time
    sleep over: to sleep in someone else’s home for a night (noun: a sleepover)
    note: oversleep means to sleep longer than you should have done
    daily routines
    get up: to get out of bed
    wake up: to become conscious after sleeping
    sleep in: to sleep later in the morning than usual
    lie in: to stay in bed later in the morning than usual
    stay up: to go to bed later than usual
    wait up: to not go to bed because you are waiting for someone to arrive
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    socialising
    arranging social gatherings
    ask sb over/round: to invite someone to come to your house
    invite sb around/round/over: to invite someone to come to your house
    come over or come around/round: to visit someone at their house
    bring along sb/sth or bring sb/sth along: to bring someone or something somewhere
    pop in/into: to go into a place just for a short time (informal)
    have sb around/round or have sb over: if you have someone around, they come to your house for a social visit
    other socialising verbs
    ask after: to ask for information about someone, especially about their health
    call round: to visit someone who lives near to you for a short time
    drop in/round: (informal) to make a short visit someone in their home, usually without arranging it before
    invite out: to ask someone to go with you to a place, e.g. a restaurant or the cinema
    bring round: to bring someone or something somewhere, especially to someone’s house
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    food and drink
    preparing food and drink
    measure out: to weigh or measure a small amount of something from a larger amount of something
    go off: if food or drink goes off, it is not good to eat or drink any more because it is too old
    thaw out: if you thaw out, you gradually get warm again after being very cold
    put on: to begin to cook food
    heat up: to make it hot
    boil over: to flow over the side of the pan
    serving food and drink
    pour out: to fill glasses or cups with a drink
    hand round: to offer something, especially food and drink, to each person in a group
    top up: to put more drink into someone’s glass or cup
    go with: to combine or taste good with
    leftover: food remaining after a meal
    styles of eating and drinking
    leftovers: food prepared for a previous meal but not eaten
    takeaway: a meal cooked and bought at a shop or restaurant but taken somewhere else, often home, to be eaten, or the shop or restaurant itself
    take away: to buy food in a restaurant and eat it somewhere else
    live on/off: to only eat a particular type of food
    eat out: to eat a meal in a restaurant, not at home
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    weather
    the weather forecast
    brighten up: the sky will become lighter and the sun will start to shine
    cloud over: the sky will become covered with clouds
    clear up: it will stop being rainy or cloudy
    warm up: to become warmer
    cool down: to become cooler
    pick up: to become stronger
    talking about the weather and its effects
    let up: to stop or improve
    flood out: to cause to fill or become covered with water, especially in a way that causes problems
    pour down: to rain heavily
    downpour: a very heavy period of rain
    rain off: if an event is rained off, it cannot start or continue because it is raining
    blow over: to become less strong and than end
    be snow in: to unable to leave that place because there is so much snow
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    travel
    going on a journey
    get away: to go somewhere for a holiday, especially when you need a rest
    set off/out: to start a journey
    start off: to begin
    get on: to board
    stop off: to visit for a short time when on the way somewhere else
    travel in general
    check in: to arrive at a hotel, say who you are and be given a key for your room
    check out: to leave a hotel after paying and giving back the key of your room
    get in: (of a train, bus, place, etc.) to arrive at a particular time
    pull in: (of a train) to arrive in a station
    pull out: (of a train) to leave a station
    air travel
    carry-on: a small case or bag that you take on a plane with you
    check in: to show your ticket at the official dest (the check-in)
    take off: to begin to fly
    touch down: to land on the ground
    stop over: to stop somewhere for a period of time when you are on a long journey
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    driving and cycling
    stop to do things
    draw up: if a vehicle, or someone in a vehicle, draws up, they arrive somewhere and stop.
    drop off sb/sth or drop sb/sth off: to take someone to a place that they want to go to, or deliver something to a place, usually in a car, often when you are going somewhere else
    pump up: fill something with air using a pump
    pull up: if a car pulls up, it stops, often for a short time
    pull over: to move a vehicle to the side of the road in order to stop
    pick up sb/sth or pick sb/sth up: to collect someone who is waiting for you, or collect something you have left somewhere or that you have bought
    pull in or pull into somewhere: if a car pulls in or pulls into a place, it moves to the side of the road or to another place where it can stop
    driving and cycling problems
    pull out: if a vehicle pulls out, it starts moving onto a road or onto a different part of the road
    knock down: to hit someone with a vehicle and injure or kill them
    run over: if a vehicle or its driver runs over someone or something, the vehicle hits and drives over them
    pile-up: a traffic accident involving several vehicles that hit each other
    tailback: long line of traffic that is moving very slowly
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    mobile devices
    setting up your device
    set up: to get something ready to use
    plug it: to connect to an electrical supply
    switch on: to make it start by pressing a switch or button (opp: switch off)
    sign in: to write your username and password to enter a page or system (opp: sing out)
    lock out: to be unable to enter
    put in: to type in
    sign up: to agree to receive something
    using your device
    zoom in: to make something look bigger and closer
    zoom out: to make something look smaller and further away
    bring up: to open onto the screen
    scroll down: to move text and images up on a screen
    scroll up: to move text and images down on a screen
    turn up: to increase (opp: turn down)
    problems
    break up: if someone who is talking on a mobile phone is breaking up, their voice can no longer be heard clearly
    go off: if a warning device goes off, it starts to ring loudly or make a loud noise
    cut off: to stop the internet connection and the phone connection
    run out: not to have more power
    use up: to finish a supply of something (e.g. data)
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    computers
    back-up: extra copy for safety
    back up: to make a copy of computer information so that you do not lose it
    key in: to put information into a computer using a keyboard
    type in: to put information into a computer using a keyboard
    printout: printed copy of an electronic document
    print out: to produce a printed copy of a document that has been written on a computer
    set up: to prepare or arrange something for use
    free up: to make something available to be used
    filter out: to pass information through a device to remove unwanted information
    click on: carry out a computer operation by pressing a button on the mouse or keyboard
    note: that with the verbs back up, type in, key in, print out, set up, free up, and filter out, the object can go either before or after the particle, e.g. back a file up or back up a file.
    using a network and the internet
    log in/on: to put your name into a computer or website so that you can start using it
    log off/out: to finish using a computer system or website
    pick up sth or pick sth up: to connect to the internet and access emails
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    news
    flare up: to suddenly happen and become serious (used about something negative like violence, anger or an argument
    go off: to explode
    bring down: to cause someone in power to lose their position
    break out: to suddenly start, usually used about something dangerous and unpleasant like war, fire or disease
    slimming breakthrough: (noun) an important discovery or success that enables you to achieve or deal with something
    leak out: to allow secret information to become generally known
    pull out: to stop being involved in an activity or agreement:
    break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
    shot up: to increase very quickly
    crack down: to treat people more strictly in order to try to stop them doing things they should not do (noun: crackdown)
    step up: to do more of something, usually in order to improve situation
    breakout: escape (from the verb break out)
    hideaway: a place where someone goes when they want to relax away from other people
    look out for: to try to notice someone or something
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    crime
    crime reports in newspapers
    beat up: to hurt someone badly by hitting or kicking them repeatedly
    break into: to get into a building or car using force, usually to steal something
    break out: to escape from prison
    walk off with: to steal something or take something without asking permission
    other verbs connected with crime
    hold up sth/sb or hold sth/sb or: to steal from someone using violence or the threat of violence
    hack into sth: to get someone else’s computer system without permission in order to look at information or do something illegal
    tip off sb or tip sb off: to warn someone secretly about something that will happen, so that they can take action or prevent it from happening
    put sb up to sth: to encourage someone to do something, usually something wrong
    take in sb or take sb in: to deceive someone or make them believe something that is not true
    lead on sb or lead sb on: to persuade someone to believe something that is untrue
    let off sb or let sb off: to not punish someone who has committed a crime or done something wrong, or to not punish them severely
    lean on sb: to try to make someone do what you want by threatening or persuading them
    be or get mixed up in sth: to become involved in a illegal or bad activity
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    power and authority
    the start of a political career
    stand for: to compete in an election for an official position
    bring in: to introduce
    do away with: to abolish or get rid of
    clamp down: to do something to stop or limit a particular activity (noun: clampdown)
    stand up for: to defend something that you believe is important
    life in parliament
    go ahead: to start to do something (noun: go-ahead)
    back up: to support
    enter into: to officially agree to do something
    stand up to: to state opinions forcefully and refuse to change your mind or do what others want
    carry out: to do or complete something that agree you have said you would do or you have been told to do
    forming a new party
    stand by: to continue support
    stick by: to continue support
    break away: to stop being part of a group because you disagree with them or do not want to be controlled by them
    carry out: to do something that you have said you will do
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    american and australian phrasal verbs
    north america
    bawl out: (tell off in the uk) to speak angrily to someone
    figure out: (work out or suss out in the uk) to find the solution to a problem or the answer to something
    goof around/off: (mess about/around in the uk) to behave stupidly or waste time doing unimportant things
    wash up: (freshen up in the uk) to clean your hands and face with soap and water
    note: wash up means to wash the dishes in the uk
    australia
    barrack for: (cheer for in the uk) to give support to a team or person
    belt into: (throw yourself into in the uk) to begin to do something quickly and with a lot of effort
    get into: (lay into in the uk) to criticise
    shoot through: (do a runner in the uk) to leave a place suddenly and often secretly
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    academic writing
    structuring your writing
    at the beginning:
    start off by: to begin (it is always followed by the ing form)
    set out: to explain in an organised way
    changing topics or referencing:
    move on: to change from one subject to another when talking or writing
    turn on: to change the topic to
    touch on: to mention briefly
    come back to: to start doing something again that you were doing before
    follow up on: to give more information related to something mentioned before
    pick up on: to connect to, give more attention to
    relating to: connected to
    base on: to use idea or information as a start for something else
    at the end / concluding
    sum up: to summarise, to conclude
    draw together: to collect
    bring together: to collect
    arrive at: to reach a result (syn: come to)
    more phrasal verbs for writing
    go on: to continue
    draw on: to use information or your knowledge of something to help you do something
    point out: to emphasise
    focus on: to give a lot of attention to
    account for: to explain, is the reason for
    not: in academic writing, go on is also often followed by say/argue/describe.

    not: ufak tefek yazım yanlışları olabilir. pek gözden geçirme şansım yok. farklı yayınlarda, farklı sözlüklerde, farklı anlamlar olabilir/görülebilir; hatta buradaki bazı kelimeler onlarda olmayabilir de.
    kaynak cambridge english phrasal verbs in use ve cambridge advanced learner's dictionary'dir
    örnekli ve alıştırmalı, orijinal yayınlar kullanmanız ayrıca faydalı olabilir.