şükela:  tümü | bugün
  • nedensellik.
  • (bkz: cibilliyet)
  • "to answer this question we must examine the basis of the principle itself. from information provided by al-ash'ari, it appears that mu'tazilites used the word 'cause' ('illa) in at least two senses: (1) that which necessarily accompanies its effect, (2) that which is free and precedes its effect. god could only be called a cause in the second sense. but from the end of the third century a.h., the term 'illa came to be used exclusively in the first sense. the term sabab was reserved for cause in the second sense. thus, al-suyuti states, '... that which necessitates is called 'illa and that which permits is called sabab.' thus arose the problem of god as the 'perfect cause' ('illa tamma)."

    edit: imla