ingiliz politikasının bir özeti :
the informal alliance britain entered into with russia in 1907 was the single most important event that made a british war on ottoman turkey inevitable. britain overturned her former orientation and foreign policy against russia taking the veto off the tsar if he lent his army against germany.
britain was an island and primarily a sea power. ıt never had a large army and it had opposed military conscription. ıt did not need conscription like continental countries with borders to defend and it was felt a large army would always lead to the temptation to get drawn into european conflict with wasteful consequences in terms of ‘blood and treasure’.
ıt was impossible for britain to have defeated germany by itself and it needed the large french army and the even larger russian army to do the fighting on the continent for it.
the russian army was described in the english press as a ‘steamroller’ that would roll all the way to berlin, crushing german resistance by sheer weight of numbers. a relatively small british expeditionary force was promised to its new allies to show commitment and bolster the french military capacity in the future war.
the russians (unlike the french who wanted to recapture alsace/lorraine after their loss to the germans in 1871) had no real reason to fight germany. therefore, something had to be promised to the tsar for his help in defeating germany. that something was his heart’s desire, constantinople.
the fact of the matter was that in order to defeat germany britain had to promise constantinople to russia and in order for the russians to get constantinople there had to be a war on turkey, one way or another.
that was how the great revolution in british foreign policy made a war on the ottoman empire inevitable.