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phrasal verb

aşağıdaki listenin bir yerden sonrası kullanım alanlarına göre yazıldı.

come
come along: to arrive at a place
come apart: to separate into pieces
come round/around: to become conscious again
come out: to disappear or become less strong (of dirt or colour on clothing/material
come out: to become public knowledge after it has been kept secret (of the truth)
come out: to be given to people (of result or information)
come out: to leave after a period in a place (of hospital/prison)
come off: to happen as planned or to succeed
come about: to happen, or to start to happen
come up: to be mentioned or talked about in conversation
come up: to happen, usually unexpectedly
come up: if a job or opportunity comes up, it becomes available
come up against sth: to have to deal with a problem
come across: to find something by chance
come to sth: if you come to a decision, arrangement, etc., you make a decision or decide what to think about something
come down to sth: if a situation or decision comes down to something, that is the thing that influences it most
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get
get together (often + with): if two or ore people get together, they meet in order to do something or spend time together
get on (often + with): if two or more people get on, they like each other and are friendly to each other
get on (often + with): to continue doing something, especially work
get behind (often + with): if you get behind with work or with payments, you have not done as much work or paid as mush as you should by a particular time
get sth over with: to do and complete something difficult or unpleasant that must be done
get away: to leave a place or person, often when the situation makes it difficult for you to do so
can’t/couldn’t get over sth: to ve very surprised or shocked that something has happened or that something is true
get away with: to succeed in not being criticised or punished for something wrong that you have done
get by: to be able to live or deal with a situation with difficulty, usually by having just enough of something you need, such as money
get around/round: to succeed in avoiding or solving a problem
get around/round to sth: to do something that you have intended to do for a long time
get at sb: to criticize a person repeatedly
get at sth: when someone is getting at something, they mean it or are trying to express it
get away with sth: to do something successfully although it is not the best way of doing it
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go
go along with sb/sth: to support an idea, or agree with someone’s opinion
go on: to continue exist or happen
go on: to happen
go through with: to do something unpleasant or difficult which you planned or promised to do
go together: if two types of thing or people go together, they are usually found with each other
go through sth: to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation
go in for sth: to take part in a competition
go without (sth): to not have something or to manage to live despite not having something
go out: if a light or something that is burning goes out, it stops producing light or heat
go about sth: to begin to do something or deal with something
go for sth: to choose something
go through sth: to examine something that contains a collection of things carefully in order to organize them or find something
go off: to leave a place and go somewhere else
go on: to continue or move to the next thing
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look
look at sth: to read something in order to check it or form an opinion about it
look at sth: if someone, usually an expert, looks at something, they examine it
look out: to watch what is happening and be careful
look on: to watch something happen but not become involved in it
look up to sb: to respect and admire them
look down on sb/sth: to think that someone or something is less important than you, or that something is not good enough quality for you to use
look after sb/sth: to take care of someone or something by doing what is needed to keep someone or something well or in good condition
look ahead: to think about what will happen in the future and plan for those events
look around/round: to try find something you want (e.g. job) by asking different people or by looking in different places
look forward to sth/doing sth: to feel pleased and excited about something that is going to happen
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make
make up sth: to form the whole of something
make for somewhere: to go in the direction of
make out sth/sb: to be able to see or hear something or someone with difficulty
make up sth or make sth up: to invent something e.g. a story or game
make up sth or make sth up: say or write something that is not true in order to deceive
make out sb or make sb out: to understand why someone behaves as they do
make out sth or make sth out: to understand something, especially why something has happened
make up for sth: provide something good in order to make a bad situation better
make it up to sb: to do something good for someone who you have done something bad to in the past, or to someone who has done something good for you
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put
put (sth) in: to fix a large piece of equipment or system into a room or building, ready to be used
put on: to make a device operate, or to cause a device to play something, such as a cd or dvd, by pressing a switch
put sth out: to make a light stop shining by pressing a switch
put sth up: to build something
put up: to open something that is folded or rolled up so that it is ready to use
put sb off: to tell someone that you cannot see them or do something for them, or stop them from doing something, until a later time
put sth off: to decide or arrange to delay an event or activity until a later time or date
put back: to change the date or time of an event so that it happens later than planned
put forward: to make a watch or clock show a later time
put back: to make a watch or clock show an earlier time
put sb out: 1. to cause trouble or extra work for someone
2. [m usually passive] to annoy or upset someone, often by what you do or say to them
put up with sb/sth: to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation or experience, or someone who behaves unpleasantly
put sb on: 1. to persuade someone that something is true when it is not, usually as a joke
2. to try to deceive someone into believing something that is not true
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take
take sth apart: to separate something into its different parts
take sth back: to return something you have bought to a shop
take sth back: to admit that something you said was wrong
take sb aside: to separate someone from a group of people so that you can speak to them privately
take off: to suddenly leave somewhere, usually without telling anyone that you are going
take up sth or take sth up: to start doing a particular job or activity
take off sth or take sth off (sth): to subtract a particular amount from a total
take away sth or take sth away: to subtract a first number from a second number
take back sth or take sth back: to admit to something you said was wrong
take in sth or take sth in: look at something carefully, noticing all the details
take out: to subscribe to or register for something officially
take to: to start to do something often
take up with: to be very busy doing something
take sb up on sth: to accept an offer that someone has made
take it out of sb: to make someone very tired
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clear (sth) up: to make a place tidy by removing things from it or putting them where they should be
sweep (up): to clean especially a floor by using a brush to collect the dirt into one place from which it can be removed
tidy (up): make a room or a group of things tidy by putting things in the correct place
jumble (up): to mix things together untidily
hang (up): hang something, especially clothes, on a hook
load (up): to put a lot of things into a vehicle or machine
clog (up): to (cause something to) become blocked or filled so that movement or activity is difficult
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these three sentences could be written without up but up emphasises the meaning of “finish it all or completely”
use sth up: to finish a supply of something
eat (sth) up: to eat all the food that you have been given
drink (sth) up: to finish your drink completely
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show up: to arrive somewhere in order to join a group of people, especially late or unexpectedly
turn up (somewhere): to arrive or appear somewhere, usually unexpectedly or in a way that was not planned
open up: to start a new shop or business
liven (sth) up: to become more interesting and exciting, or to make something become like this
divide (up): to share
divide into: to separate something into smaller parts or groups
chop (up): to cut something into pieces with an axe, knife, or other sharp instrument
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out meaning not in
many phrasal verbs with out have an association with the basic meaning of out, i.e. not in
leave out sth/sb or leave sth/sb out: to not include someone or something
cut out sth or cut sth out: to remove something or form a shape by cutting, usually from paper or cloth
show out sb or show sb out: to go to the door of the building with someone who does not live or work there, when they are leaving
see out sb or see sb out: to go to the door of a building or room with someone who does not live or work there, when they are leaving
let out sb/sth or let sb/sth out: to allow a person or animal to leave, usually by opening a locked or closed door
lock out sb or lock sb out: to prevent someone from entering a building or room by locking the door
lock yourself out: accidently prevent yourself from getting into a building by leaving the keys inside when you shut the door
out meaning to the end or completely
sometimes out phrasal verbs gives an idea of completing or doing something to the end
sort out: to arrange things that were untidy
clear sth out: to tidy a place by getting rid of things that you do not want
wear (sth) out: to use something so much that it is damaged and cannot be used any more, or to become damaged in this way:
run out: to finish, use, or sell all of something, so that there is none left
other uses of out
spread out: to arrange on a flat surface
come out: to be available to buy or see
try out: to test to find out if it works or decide whether you like it
help out: if you help out, you do a part of someone's work or give someone money
lose out: to not have an advantage that other people have
stress out: to make someone feel very nervous and worried
burn out: to be forced to stop working because you have become ill or very tired from working too hard
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leaving places
off sometimes combines with verbs to express the idea of something or someone leaving a place
lift off: to leave the ground (of a spacecraft)
head off: to start a journey or leave a place
send off: to send a letter, document or parcel by post
slip off: to leave a place quietely so that other people do not notice you going
clear off: to leave a place quickly (informal)
ending or changing state
off sometimes expresses the idea of moving towards an ending or a change of state
see sb off: to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye to them
sell sth off: to sell all or part of a business
doze off: if you doze off, you start to sleep, especially during the day
break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
run off: to leave somewhere or someone suddenly
run sth off: if you run off copies of something, you print them
run sth off: to quickly and easily write something that is usually slow or difficult to write, such as a piece of poetry or music
other expressions with off
put off: to make someone dislike something or someone, or to discourage someone from doing something
hold off: to delay doing something
turn sb off: to stop someone feeling interested or excited, especially sexually
laugh off: to make yourself laugh about something unpleasant in order to make it seem less important or serious
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on and in
on
on in phrasal verbs sometimes has a clear link with the basic pyshical meaning of on
try sth on: to put on a piece of clothing to discover if it fits you or if you like it
put sth on: to pretend to have a particular feeling or way of behaving that is not real or natural to you
weigh on/upon sb/sth: if a problem or responsibility weighs on you, it makes you worried or unhappy
rely/depend/count on/upon: to be confideent that someone will help you
on in phrasal verbs also often contains an idea of further
keep on: to continue to do something
pass sth on: to give someone something that another person has given you
in
here are some of the many phrasal verbs that use in. ın each case there is a link with the basic physical meaning of in.
call in: to visit someone for a short time, usually when going somewhere else
take sth in or take in sth: to make a piece of clothing narrower, by changing the position of some of the stitches joining it together
rub sth in or rub in sth: to put a substance on the surface of something and rub it so that goes into the surface
lock sb in or lock in sb: to prevent someone from leaving a room or building by locking the door
push in (informal): to rudely join a line of people who are waiting by going in front of some of the people who are already there
sink in: to start to be believed (used about something unpleasant or surprising, which usually has implications)
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down and over
different meaning of down
down
general meaning of down: move in the direction of the ground
chop/cut down: to cut through it so that it falls to the ground
general meaning of down: heaviness which causes difficulty
weigh down: to carry too much
load down: too carry too many things
general meaning of down: put on paper
note down: to put something on paper or on an electronic device, especially something that someone says
note down: to write something on a piece of paper or type it on an electronic device so that you do not forget it
general meaning of down: reduce a number or amount, or not let it rise
keep down: to stop the number, level or size of something from increasing
cut down: to eat or drink less of a particular thing, usually in order to improve your health
general meaning of down: stop an activity
shut down: to close and stop working
close down: to stop doing business
over
read over: to read something from the beginning to the end in order to find any mistakes or to understand it better
look over: to quickly examine something
go over: to talk or think about something in order to explain it or make sure that it is correct
hand over: to give something to someone else
stay over: to spend the night somewhere else rather than going home
get over: to recover from an illness or disappointment
fall over: to fall the ground
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around and about
spending time
around and about are often interchangeable in phrasal verbs
phrasal verbs with around and about often express the idea of acting in a relaxed way, or without a particular purpose or without concentrating
wait about/around: to stay one place without doing anything as you wait for something to happen
laze about/around: to relax and enjoy yourself by doing very little
sit about/around (somewhere): to spend time sitting down and doing very little
hang about/around/round (somewhere) (informal): to spend time somewhere without doing very much
mess about/around: 1. to spend time playing or doing things with no particular purpose
2. to behave stupidly, waste time doing unimportant things
mess sb about/around (informal): to treat someone badly or waste their time, e.g. by changing your mind or not doing what you promised
lite about/around: to spent time lying down doing very little
being in a place
mill about/around/round: to walk around a particular place or area, usually while waiting for something
stand about/around/round: to spend time standing in a place waiting for someone or doing very little
stich around: (informal) to stay somewhere for a period of time
take around/round: to visit a place with someone showing them the most interesting or important parts
show around/round: to go with someone to a place that they have not visited before and show them the interesting part
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for and with
they must go before the object of the verb
for
go for: to try to ge tor achieve it
root for: (informal) to show support for someone who is in a competition or who is doing something difficult
ask for sth: if you say you couldn't ask for someone or something better, you mean that rot person or thing is the best of their type
live for sth/sb: to have something or someone as the most important thing in your life
send for: to send someone a message asking them to come to see you
call for sb: to go to a place in order to collect someone
stand for: 1. to support or represent a particular idea or set of ideas
2. if one or more letters stand for a word or name, they are the first letter or letters of that word or name and they represent it
to die for: excellent or to be strongly wished for
with
could do with sb/sth: to need or want something or someone (informal)
deal with sth: if something (e.g. book, film, article) deals with a particular subject or idea, it is about that subject or idea
stick wit it: to continue doing something even though it is difficult (informal)
go with sth: if one thing goes with another, they suit each other or they look or taste good together
put up with sb/sth: to accept unpleasant behaviour or an unpleasant situation, even though you do not like it
catch up with sb: to meet someone you know, after not seeing them for a period of time
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through and back
through
through in phrasal verbs gives an idea of going from one side of something to the other, or from the beginning to the end of something. bote that with most of these phrasal verbs through must go begore the object of the verb
sleep through: if you sleep through a lot of noise or an activity, it does not wake you or keep you awake
live through: to experience a difficult situation or event
flick through: to look quickly at the pages of a magazine, book, etc.
look through: to read something quickly
go through: to carefully read or discuss something to make sure that it is correct
take sb through sth: to explain something or show them how to do it
see through: to realise what someone is really like or what someone is trying to do
back
back in phrasal verbs or expressions usually conveys the idea of returning
send back: to return something to the person who sent it to you, especially because it is damaged or not suitable
take back: to return something you have bought to a shop
call/phone/ring back: to phone someone again, or to phone someone who called you earlier
bounce back: to start to be successful again after a difficult period, for example after experiencing failure, loss of confidence, illness, or unhappiness
note that with the verbs above back can go before or after the object of the verb
answer back: to speak rudely when answering someone in authority
go back: to have existed since a time in the past
bite back: to react angrily, especially to someone who has done something unpleasant to you
bite sth back: to stop yourself from saying something or from expressing an emotion
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into and away
into
run into: to meet someone you know when you are not expecting to
look into: to investigate and examine the facts about a problem or situation
burst into: to suddenly start to make a noise, especially to start crying, laughing or singing
read into: to believe that an action, remark, or situation has a particular importance or meaning, often when this is not true
go into: to describe and discuss something in a detailed way
throw into: to do something actively and enthusiastically
enter into sth: to start to become involved in something, especially a discussion or agreement (not that you enter a room, not enter into a room)
buy into: to completely believe in a set of idea
away
tidy away sth or tidy sth away: to put things in cupboards and drawers, etc. after you have been using them
pack away sth or pack sth away: to put something into a bag or container, or in the place where it is usually kept
tear sb away (usually + from): to force someone to stop doing something they enjoy in order to do something else
stay away from sth: to avoid something that has a bad effect on you
turn away: to move your face so you are not looking at something
lock yourself away: to go to a room or building where you can be alone, usually so that you can work
run away (often + from): to secretly leave a place because you are unhappy there
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success and failure
bring off: to succeed in doing something difficult
catch on: become popular
take off: to suddenly start to be successful or popular
take over: to get control of a company by buying enough of the shares in it
fall down: to fail
fall through: to fail to happen
come off: to happen as planned or to succeed
pull off: to succeed in doing something difficult or unexpected
build on: to use a success or achievement as a base from which to achieve more success
walk into: to get very easily
muddle through: to manage to do something although you are not organized and do not know how to do it
catch up: to reach the same quality or standard as someone
pay off: to be successful
keep up: to make progress at the same speed as something or someone else in order tos tay at the same level as them
stay ahead: to continue to be more advanced and successful than other people
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starting and finishing
starting
set about sth/doing sth: to start doing something that uses a lot of time or energy
set out: to start a journey
start off or start out: to begin life, existence or a profession in a particular way
finishing
call off: to decide that a planned event, especially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible
dry up: to end or stop coming
break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
finish off: to complete the last part of something that you are doing
polish off: to finish something quickly and easily, especially a lot of food or work
pack up: to stop working or doing another regular activity

give up: to stop doing or having something
cut down: to reduce the amount or number
wind down: to relax and allow your mind to be free from worry after a period of work or some other activity that has made you worried
fizzle out: to gradually end, often in a disappointing or weak way
give up: to stop doing something before you have finished it, usually because it is too difficult
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actions and movement
fall down: to fall to the ground
get down: to get something that is above your head by reaching with your hand
slow down: to drive more slowly
wrap up: to cover in paper, especially in order to give as a present
tie up: to put string or rope around something so that it is fastened together
blow up: to fill the air
pick up: to lift using your hands
tear up: to tear into a lot of small pieces
move up: to move slightly so that there is enough space for someone else
slow up: to make someone or something slower
other action and movement verbs
move over: to change the place where you are sitting or standing so that there is space for someone else to is tor stand
pop out: to leave the place i am to go somewehere for a short time
reach out: to stretch my arm in front of my body, usually in order to ge tor touch something
help on/off: help me for something
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destroying and reacting to destruction
fall apart: to break into pieces because of being too old or too weak
pull down sth or pull sth down: to destroy a building or other structure because it is not wanted any more
screw up or screw sth up: to twist or crush paper or material with your hands
tear apart sth or tear sth apart: to pull something violently so that it breaks into two or more pieces
tear down sth or tear sth down: to violently destroy a building or other structure because it is not wanted
knock over sth/sb or knock sth/sb over: to hit or push someone or something, usually accidently, so that they fall to the ground or onto their side
put out sth or put sth out: to make something that is burning, e.g. a fire, stop burning
root out sb/sth or root sb/sth out: to find and get rid of the thing or person that is causing a problem
stamp out sth or stamp sth out: to get rid of something that is considered wrong or harmful
reacting to destruction and negative situations
fight back: to defend yourself when someone attacks you or causes problems for you
bend/lean over backwards: to try very hard to do something
see sb through sth: o help or support someone during a difficult period in their life
turn on sb: to attack or criticize someone suddenly and unexpectedly
set sb back (sth): to cost someone a large amount of money
see to sth/sb: to deal with a person or task that needs to be dealt with or is waiting to be dealt with
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managing subjects and topics
bring up: to start to talk about
get on to: to start talking about after discussing something else
run through: to repeat something, usually quickly, to make sure it is correct
leave aside: to not discuss one subject so that you can discuss a different subject
come back to: to return to discuss it at a future time
spell out: to explain in detail
deal with: to discuss or give our attention to
note that some of the phrasal verbs above can have the object before or after the particle: bring sth up or bring up sth, leave sth aside or leave aside sth, spell sth out or spell out sth
communications and interacting with others
keep to sth: to do what you have promised or planned to do
turn to sb/sth: to ask a person or organization for help or support
bubble over: o be very excited and enthusiastic
order about/around: to tell someone what they should do in an unpleasant or forceful way, especially repeatedly
pass on: to tell someone something that another person has told you
turn down: to refuse an offer or request
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describing people and places
describing people
dress up: to put on forma lor special clothes
put on: to put a piece of clothing onto your body
do up: to fasten
wrap up: to dress in arm clothes
freshen up: to make someone or something clean and pleasant
describing places
set apart: to make it different, usually better, than others of the same type
stick out: to go past the surface or edge of something
comparing and contrasting people and things
tell apart: to be able to see the difference between two very similar things or people
stand out: to be very noticeable
blend in: to look or seem the same as surrounding people or things and therefore not be easily noticeable
go together: to look good together
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describing public events
book up: if an event, person or place is booked up, there is no space or time available for someone
pour in: to arrive or enter somewhere in very large numbers
pack out: to make a place very full
take off: to copy the way a person or animal behaves, often in order to make people laugh
stand in: to play the role of someone for a short period of time
put on: to produce
tie in with: to plan an event or activity so that it combines with or happens at the same time as another, or to be planned in this way
walk out: to leave an event such as a meeting or performance because you are angry or disapprove of something
send up: to make someone or something seem stupid by copying them in a funny way
turn out: if people turn out for an event, they go to be there or to watch
other verbs connected with events
call off sth or call sth off: to cancel something, especially because it no longer seems possible or useful
cram into/in somewhere: to go into a place even though it is too small and becomes very full
pass off: to happen, especially in a good way
put off sth or put sth off: to postpone to a later date
put back sth or put sth back: to arrange something for a later time
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giving and getting information
referring to information in academic writing
come under sth: to be included in or may be found in
draw on/upon sth: to use information or your knowledge or experience of something to help you do something
point out sth (often + that): to present a new fact, especially one that is important in the present discussion or situation
turn to sth/sb: to begin to think, speak or write about a subject
noticing and understanding information
latch on: to begin to understand something
take in: to understand completely the meaning or importance of something
watch out for: to be careful to notice someone or something interesting
find out: to get information about something because you want to know more about it, or to learn a fact or piece of information for the first time
check up on: to try to discover what someone is doing in order to be certain that they are doing what they should be doing
track down: to find something or someone after looking for them in a lot of different places
other verbs connected with information
give up: to stop trying to guess
slip out: if a remark slips out, you say it without intending to
match up: if two pieces of information match up, they are the same
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solving problems
talk over: to discuss something before making a decision
sort sth/sb out: to deal successfully with a problem, a situation, or a person who is having difficulties
bottle out: to suddenly decide not to do something because you feel frightened and lose your confidence
let out: when something that people go to, such as school or a show, lets out, it ends and everyone leave
call for: to need or deserve a particular action, remark, or quality
deal with: to take action to achieve something
finding solution
face up to: to accept that a difficult situation exists
see about: to prepare for or deal with an action or event, or to arrange for something to be done
lie in: to exist or be found in something
come up with: to suggest or think of an idea or plan
narrow down: to make a number or list of things smaller, by removing the things that are least important, necessary, or suitable
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decisions and plans
thinking about things and deciding
sleep on: to delay making a decision about something important until the next day so that you have time to consider it carefully
do without: to manage without something
weigh up: to think carefully about the advantages or disadvantages of a situation before making a decision
run by: to tell someone about something so that they can give their opinion about it
plan ahead: to make decisions or plans about something you will do or might do in the future
think ahead: to think carefully about what might happen in the future
think over: to think carefully about the idea before making a decision
think through: to think carefully about risks and consider the possible consequences
other verbs connected with planning and deciding
allow for: to consider something when you are planning something
bargain for: to expect or be prepared for something
opt out: to choose not to be part of an activity or to stop being involved in it
chicken out: to decide not to do something because you are too frightened
have on: if you have something on, you have planned to do it:
be set against: be opposed to
do without: to manage without having something
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disagreeing
cry out against sth: to complain loudly about something that you do not approve of
stick together: if people stick together, they support and help each other
speak out: to give your opinion about something in public, especially on a subject that you have strong feelings about
give in: to finally agree to what someone wants, after refusing for a period of time
stay ot of: to not become involved in an argument or discussion
private disagreements
fall out: to argue with someone and stop being friendly with them
put down: to make someone feel silly or not important by criticizing them
get to: if someone gets to you, they make you feel upset or angry
stick up for: to support or defend someone or something, especially when they are being criticized
hold against: to like someone less because they have done something wrong or behaved badly in the past
back
the verb back is often used to refer to the position you take in an argument or decision
back up sb or back sb up: to say that someone is telling the truth
back down: to admit that you are wrong or have been defeated, often because you are forced to
back out: to decide not to do something that you were going to do or had agree to do
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persuading
put across/over sth or put sth across/over: to cause a piece of false information to be believed by one or more people:
put forward sth or put sth forward: to state an idea or opinion, or to suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider
put sth to sb: to suggest an idea or plan to someone so that they can consider it or discuss it
talk sb around/round: to persuade someone to agree with you or to do what you want them to do
talk sb into sth/doing sth: to persuade someone to do something
talk sb out of sth/doing sth: to persuade someone not to do something
other verbs connected with persuading people
call for: to say a particular thing should be done, usually in order to change or improve a situation
brush aside: to refuse to consider something seriously because you feel that it is not important:
bring round: to persuade someone to have the same opinion as you have
press for: to try persuade someone, usually someone in authority, to give you something or to allow something to happen
rope in: to persuade someone to do something for you
have on: to persuade someone that something is true when it is not, usually as a joke:
fall for: to be tricked into believing something that is not true
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praising and criticising
stand out: to publicly oppose something or someones
show off: to behave in a way that is intended to attract attention or admiration, and that other people often find annoying
measure up: to be good enough, or as good as someone or something else
screw up: to make a mistake, or to spoil something
play at (always used in the continuous form; always used in questions): doing; when you ask what someone is playing at, you are surprised or angry about their behaviour
ways of criticising
lay into: to attack someone physically or to criticize them in an angry way
pick on: to criticize, punish, or be unkind to the same person often and unfairly
hit back: to attack or criticize someone who has attacked or criticized you
take out on: to treat someone badly because you are upset or angry, even if they have done nothing wrong
rub in: to talk to someone about something that you know they want to forget because they feel bad about it
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the classroom and learning
hand/turn in: to give something to someone in a position of authority
give/hand out
clean off/rub out/wipe off: to clean
work out: to do a calculation to get an answer to a mathematical question
cross out: to draw a line through something you have written, usually because it is wrong
miss out: to fail to include someone or something that should be included
act out: to perform the actions and say the words of a situation or story
put away: to put something in the place or container where it is usually kept
other classroom phrasal verbs
fall behind: to fail to do something fast enough or on time
catch up: to reach the same quality or standard as someone or something else
play up: when children play up, they behave badly
mess up: to spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly:
spread out: to open out something that has been folded
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students life: courses and exams
enrolling on courses
break up: when schools and colleges, or the teachers and students who go to them break up, their classes stop and the holidays start
go back: to return
sign up: to agree to become involved in an organized activity
drop put: if a student drops out, they stop going to classes before they have finished their course
write up: to write something in a complete or final form using notes that you have made
throw out: to force someone to leave a college, school, house, or organization
before an exam
keep up: to continue to do something
brush up on: to practise and improve your skills or your knowledge or something, usually something you learned in the past but have partly forgotten
come up: to appear
mug up: to quickly try to learn the main facts about a subject, especially before an exam (often + on)
scrape through: to manage with a lot of difficulty, to succeed in something
swot up: to learn as much as you can about a subject, especially before an exam
polish up: to improve a skill, especially when you have allowed it to become less good over a period of time
pick up: to learn a new skill or language by practising it rather than being taught it
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student life: reading and writing
reading
read up on:
dip into:
turn over:
read out:
writing
write out sth or write sth out: to write something again in a better or more complete way
note down sth or note sth down: to write or record words or numbers, often so that you do not forget them
jot down sth or jot sth down: to write or record something quickly on a piece of paper or an electronic device so that you remember it
scribble down sth or scribble sth down: to write something very quickly on a piece of paper
fill in sth or fill sth in: to write or record all the necessary information of an official document, e.g. a form
fill out sth or fill sth out: to write or record all the necessary information on an official document, e.g. a form
improving a piece of writing
cut out: to remove
sum up: to describe briefly the most important points
tone down: to make it less critical or offensive
crop up: to appear
touch on: to mention briefly (also touch upon)
set out: to give all the details or explain clearly, especially in writing
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talking informally about your work or career
get ahead: to be successful in a job
take on: to accept a particular job or responsibility
take sb on: to employ someone
fill in: to give someone extra or missing information
stand down: to give up your official job or position
take over: to start doing a job or being responsible for something that another person did or had responsibility for before
carry out: to do or complete something
step down: to leave your job
hand over: to give someone else responsibility or control
more work-related phrasal verbs
fix up: to provide or arrange something for someone
pencil in: to arrange for something to happen on a particular date, knowing the arrangement might be changed later
knock off: (informal) to stop working, usually at the end of a day
lay off: to stop employing someone, usually because there is no work for them to do
follow up: to do something in order to maket he effect of an earlier action or thing stronger or more certain
pull together: to work hard as a group in order to achieve something
leave to: (informal) to go away from someone so that they so something by themselves or so they can continue what they are doing
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work: being busy
being busy
tie sth up: to cause something, often money or possessions, not to be available for use
pile up: (of something bad) to increase
be snowed under: to have so much work that you have problems dealing with it all
slave away: to work very hard with little or no rest
catch up: to do something you did not have time to do earlier
working hard
branch out: to start to do something different from what you usually do, especially in your job
work on: to spend time repairing or improving something
work toward: to try hard to achieve
keep (sb) at ito continue working hard at something difficult, or to make someone continue to work hard
stick at: to continue trying hard to do something difficult
chase: to try to get something that is difficult to get or achieve
move along: to develop in a satisfactory way
squeeze in: to manage to do something or see someone in a short period of time or when you are very busy
wriggle out of: to avoid doing something that you do not want to do
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money: salaries, bills, payments
formal and informal
take out sth or take sth out (withdraw): to get money from a bank
cut back sth or cut sth back (reduce): to decrease the amount of money that is being spent on something
pay back sth or pay sth back (repay): to pay someone the money that you owe them
come to sth (total): to be a particular total when amounts or numbers are added together
paying bills and debts
pay off: to pay back all the money owed
pay up: to pay money owed, especially when you do not want to
run up: to cause you to owe a large amount of money
settle up: to pay someone the money owed to them
other verbs connected with money
save up: to keep money
set aside: to use money for special purpose
write off: to accept that an amount of money has been lost
get back: to be given something again that you had before
give away: to give something to somebody without asking for payment
pick up: to buy something cheaply
knockdown: very cheap
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money and buying
shopping and buying good
beat down: to persuade someone to accept a lower amount of money for something
knock off: to take a particular amount away from a price
pick up: to buy something cheaply
club together: if a group of people club together, they share the cost of something between them
rip off: to cheat someone by making them pay too much money for something
shop around: to compare the price and quality of the same or a similar object in different shops before you decide which one to buy
snap up: to buy or get something quickly and enthusiastically because it is cheap or exactly what you want
fork out for: to pay for something, especially when you do not want to
other buying verbs
stock up: to buy large quantities of
skimp on: to spend too little money on or use too little of
splash out: to spend a lot of money on buying things, especially things that are pleasant to have but that you do not need
run up: if you run up a debt, you do things that cause you to owe a large amount of money
sell off: to sell all or part of a business
sell out: if a supply of something sells out, there is no more of that thing to buy
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business
starting and doing business
start up: to create (a business or other organisation)
set up: to start (a company or organisation)
hire out: to allow someone to use something or someone temporarily in exchange for money
run into: to reach a particular cost or amount, as a total
spin-off: a product that develops from another more important product
set-up: business arrangement
ups and downs in business
sell up: to sell your house or company in order to go somewhere else or do something else
outlet: shop
turnover: amount of money or business made by a company in a period of time
take over: to get control of a company by buying most of its shares
wind down: to gradually reduce the amount of work being done until it closes completely
upkeep: cost or process of keeping a building or something in good condition
pour into: to provide a lot of money for something over a long period
put at: to roughly calculates at a particular amount
go under: to fall financially
run to: to reach a particular amount, usually a large amount
takeover: act of gaining control of a company
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calling people
conversations on the phone or the internet
call back: to call someone fort he second time, or call someone who rang you earlier
put through: to connect a phone or internet caller to the person they want to speak to
cut off: to stop people from continuing a phone conversation by breaking the phone connection
listen in: to secretly listen to a conversation
conservations about calling
call around: to call several people, often in order to find out information
get back to sb: to talk to someone again, usually on the phone, in order to give them some information or because you were not able to speak to them before
call back: to phone someone again, or to phone someone who called you earlier
call up: to phone someone
get through: to manage to talk to someone on the phone or on the internet
put on: to give someone the telephone so that they can speak to the person who is on it
hang up: to end a phone conversation
ring off: to end a phone conversation intentionally
call in: to call someone at your place of work to explain why you are not there
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feelings
feelings go up and down
up and down phrasal verbs connected with feelings often refer to positive and negative emotions and emotional events, or a more emotional intensity or less emotional intensity
up
brighten up: to suddenly look or feel happier
cheer up: to make someone start to feel happier
be hung up on sth: to become worried by a particular subject and spend a lot of time thinking about it (informal)
down
break down: to be unable to control your feelings and to start to cry
calm down: to stop feeling angry, upset, or excited
cool down: to become calmer
more verbs connected with feelings
bottle up: when a person bottles things up, they refuse to talk about things that make them angry or worried
tear sb apart: to make someone very unhappy
carry away: to become so excited about something that you do not control what you say or do
jump at: to accept eagerly
warm to: to become more enthusiastic about an idea
grow on: if someone or something grows on you, you like them more and more although you did not like them at first
take to: to start to like someone or something
feel for: to feel sorry for someone who is unhappy or in a difficult situation
hang-up: feelings of embarrassment of fear about something, often when it is not necessary to feel that way (informal)
pull together: to become calm after being very upset or angry
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relationships
talking about relationships
go out with: to have a romantic relationship with
fall out: to argue with someone and stop being friendly with them
chat up: to talk to someone in a way that shows them that you are sexually attracted to them
falling-out: an argument
fall for: to suddenly have strong romantic feelings about someone
fit in: to feel that you belong to a particular group and are accepted by them
get along: to have a good relationship
ask out: to invite someone to come with you to a place such as the cinema or a restaurant, especially as a way of starting a romantic relationship
being attracted to someone
hit it off: to like someone and become friendly immediately
pair off: to start a romantic relationship with someone
chat up: to talk to someone in a way that shows them that you are sexually attracted to them
go for: to like that type of person or thing
relationships: problems
split up: to end a relationship or marriage
drift apart: to gradually become less friendly and the relationship ends
finish with: to end a romantic relationship (informal)
break off: to end a relationship
grow apart: to gradually become less friendly, often because you do not have the same interests and opinions any more
break off with: to end a romantic relationship with someone
break up: to end romantic relationship, or marriage
let down: to disappoint someone by failing to do what you agreed to do or were expected to do
make up: to forgive someone and be friendly with them again after an argument or disagreement
break-up: the act or event of breaking up
miss out: to fail to use an opportunity to enjoy or get an advantage from something
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secrets and conversations
secrets
keep sth from sb: to not tell someone about something
open up: o start to talk more about yourself and your feelings
pour out: to tell all your problems or feelings to someone
go back on: to fail to keep a promise, or to change a decision or agreement
let on: to tell someone about something that you know, when it is secret
outpouring: long and emotional expression of what you are feeling
own up: to admit you have done something wrong
conversations
keep on at sb: to talk to someone about something many times, usually complain about something they have done or not done
talk down to sb: to talk to someone as if they were less intelligent than you or not important
play down sth or play sth down: to make something seem less important or less bad than it really is
pin down sb or pin sb down: to make someone provide details about something or make a decision about something
have it out with sb (informal): to talk to someone about something they have done that makes you angry, in order to try to solve the problem
wind up sb or wind sb up (informal): to tell someone something that is not true in order to make a joke or to annoy them
mouth off (informal): to talk about something as if you know more than everyone else or to complain a lot about something
shut (sb) up (informal): to stop talking or making a noise, or to make someone do this
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stages through life
name after: to give the same name as someone lese
take after: to be similar to an older member of your family in appearance or character
bring up: to care for a child until it is an adult, often giving it particular beliefs
grow up: to gradually become an adult
carry on: to continue
end up: to finally be in a particular place or situation
become of: to happen to
drop out: to stop going to classes before completing a course
wind up: to end, or to make an activity end
live up to: to be as good as something
pass for: to appear to be someone or something else
hand down: to give something to someone younger than you in the family because you want them to have it or because you no longer need it
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health
symptoms
throw up: to vomit
come down with: to start to suffer from an illness, especially one that is not serious
go down with: to start to suffer from an infectious disease
fight off: to try hard to get rid of
put out: to injure part of your body by causing it to be moved out of its correct position
shake off: to get rid of
swell up: to become larger or rounder than usual
blocked-up: filled so that you are unable to breathe normally
pass out: to become unconscious; fainted
break down: to become mentally or physically ill because of an unpleasant experience
care for: to look after someone
pull through: to recover form a serious illness
slow down: to become less physically active than before
pass away: to die
pass on: to die
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homes and daily routines
homes
move out: to stop living in a particular house or flat
move in: to begin living in a new house or flat
move in together: to start living in the same house as someone
live on sth: to have an amount of money in order to buy the things you need
live off sth: to have enough money for the things you need by taking it from a supply of money or another person
put up sb or put sb up: to let someone stay in your home for a short time
sleep over: to sleep in someone else’s home for a night (noun: a sleepover)
note: oversleep means to sleep longer than you should have done
daily routines
get up: to get out of bed
wake up: to become conscious after sleeping
sleep in: to sleep later in the morning than usual
lie in: to stay in bed later in the morning than usual
stay up: to go to bed later than usual
wait up: to not go to bed because you are waiting for someone to arrive
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socialising
arranging social gatherings
ask sb over/round: to invite someone to come to your house
invite sb around/round/over: to invite someone to come to your house
come over or come around/round: to visit someone at their house
bring along sb/sth or bring sb/sth along: to bring someone or something somewhere
pop in/into: to go into a place just for a short time (informal)
have sb around/round or have sb over: if you have someone around, they come to your house for a social visit
other socialising verbs
ask after: to ask for information about someone, especially about their health
call round: to visit someone who lives near to you for a short time
drop in/round: (informal) to make a short visit someone in their home, usually without arranging it before
invite out: to ask someone to go with you to a place, e.g. a restaurant or the cinema
bring round: to bring someone or something somewhere, especially to someone’s house
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food and drink
preparing food and drink
measure out: to weigh or measure a small amount of something from a larger amount of something
go off: if food or drink goes off, it is not good to eat or drink any more because it is too old
thaw out: if you thaw out, you gradually get warm again after being very cold
put on: to begin to cook food
heat up: to make it hot
boil over: to flow over the side of the pan
serving food and drink
pour out: to fill glasses or cups with a drink
hand round: to offer something, especially food and drink, to each person in a group
top up: to put more drink into someone’s glass or cup
go with: to combine or taste good with
leftover: food remaining after a meal
styles of eating and drinking
leftovers: food prepared for a previous meal but not eaten
takeaway: a meal cooked and bought at a shop or restaurant but taken somewhere else, often home, to be eaten, or the shop or restaurant itself
take away: to buy food in a restaurant and eat it somewhere else
live on/off: to only eat a particular type of food
eat out: to eat a meal in a restaurant, not at home
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weather
the weather forecast
brighten up: the sky will become lighter and the sun will start to shine
cloud over: the sky will become covered with clouds
clear up: it will stop being rainy or cloudy
warm up: to become warmer
cool down: to become cooler
pick up: to become stronger
talking about the weather and its effects
let up: to stop or improve
flood out: to cause to fill or become covered with water, especially in a way that causes problems
pour down: to rain heavily
downpour: a very heavy period of rain
rain off: if an event is rained off, it cannot start or continue because it is raining
blow over: to become less strong and than end
be snow in: to unable to leave that place because there is so much snow
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travel
going on a journey
get away: to go somewhere for a holiday, especially when you need a rest
set off/out: to start a journey
start off: to begin
get on: to board
stop off: to visit for a short time when on the way somewhere else
travel in general
check in: to arrive at a hotel, say who you are and be given a key for your room
check out: to leave a hotel after paying and giving back the key of your room
get in: (of a train, bus, place, etc.) to arrive at a particular time
pull in: (of a train) to arrive in a station
pull out: (of a train) to leave a station
air travel
carry-on: a small case or bag that you take on a plane with you
check in: to show your ticket at the official dest (the check-in)
take off: to begin to fly
touch down: to land on the ground
stop over: to stop somewhere for a period of time when you are on a long journey
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driving and cycling
stop to do things
draw up: if a vehicle, or someone in a vehicle, draws up, they arrive somewhere and stop.
drop off sb/sth or drop sb/sth off: to take someone to a place that they want to go to, or deliver something to a place, usually in a car, often when you are going somewhere else
pump up: fill something with air using a pump
pull up: if a car pulls up, it stops, often for a short time
pull over: to move a vehicle to the side of the road in order to stop
pick up sb/sth or pick sb/sth up: to collect someone who is waiting for you, or collect something you have left somewhere or that you have bought
pull in or pull into somewhere: if a car pulls in or pulls into a place, it moves to the side of the road or to another place where it can stop
driving and cycling problems
pull out: if a vehicle pulls out, it starts moving onto a road or onto a different part of the road
knock down: to hit someone with a vehicle and injure or kill them
run over: if a vehicle or its driver runs over someone or something, the vehicle hits and drives over them
pile-up: a traffic accident involving several vehicles that hit each other
tailback: long line of traffic that is moving very slowly
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mobile devices
setting up your device
set up: to get something ready to use
plug it: to connect to an electrical supply
switch on: to make it start by pressing a switch or button (opp: switch off)
sign in: to write your username and password to enter a page or system (opp: sing out)
lock out: to be unable to enter
put in: to type in
sign up: to agree to receive something
using your device
zoom in: to make something look bigger and closer
zoom out: to make something look smaller and further away
bring up: to open onto the screen
scroll down: to move text and images up on a screen
scroll up: to move text and images down on a screen
turn up: to increase (opp: turn down)
problems
break up: if someone who is talking on a mobile phone is breaking up, their voice can no longer be heard clearly
go off: if a warning device goes off, it starts to ring loudly or make a loud noise
cut off: to stop the internet connection and the phone connection
run out: not to have more power
use up: to finish a supply of something (e.g. data)
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computers
back-up: extra copy for safety
back up: to make a copy of computer information so that you do not lose it
key in: to put information into a computer using a keyboard
type in: to put information into a computer using a keyboard
printout: printed copy of an electronic document
print out: to produce a printed copy of a document that has been written on a computer
set up: to prepare or arrange something for use
free up: to make something available to be used
filter out: to pass information through a device to remove unwanted information
click on: carry out a computer operation by pressing a button on the mouse or keyboard
note: that with the verbs back up, type in, key in, print out, set up, free up, and filter out, the object can go either before or after the particle, e.g. back a file up or back up a file.
using a network and the internet
log in/on: to put your name into a computer or website so that you can start using it
log off/out: to finish using a computer system or website
pick up sth or pick sth up: to connect to the internet and access emails
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news
flare up: to suddenly happen and become serious (used about something negative like violence, anger or an argument
go off: to explode
bring down: to cause someone in power to lose their position
break out: to suddenly start, usually used about something dangerous and unpleasant like war, fire or disease
slimming breakthrough: (noun) an important discovery or success that enables you to achieve or deal with something
leak out: to allow secret information to become generally known
pull out: to stop being involved in an activity or agreement:
break off: to suddenly stop speaking or doing something
shot up: to increase very quickly
crack down: to treat people more strictly in order to try to stop them doing things they should not do (noun: crackdown)
step up: to do more of something, usually in order to improve situation
breakout: escape (from the verb break out)
hideaway: a place where someone goes when they want to relax away from other people
look out for: to try to notice someone or something
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crime
crime reports in newspapers
beat up: to hurt someone badly by hitting or kicking them repeatedly
break into: to get into a building or car using force, usually to steal something
break out: to escape from prison
walk off with: to steal something or take something without asking permission
other verbs connected with crime
hold up sth/sb or hold sth/sb or: to steal from someone using violence or the threat of violence
hack into sth: to get someone else’s computer system without permission in order to look at information or do something illegal
tip off sb or tip sb off: to warn someone secretly about something that will happen, so that they can take action or prevent it from happening
put sb up to sth: to encourage someone to do something, usually something wrong
take in sb or take sb in: to deceive someone or make them believe something that is not true
lead on sb or lead sb on: to persuade someone to believe something that is untrue
let off sb or let sb off: to not punish someone who has committed a crime or done something wrong, or to not punish them severely
lean on sb: to try to make someone do what you want by threatening or persuading them
be or get mixed up in sth: to become involved in a illegal or bad activity
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power and authority
the start of a political career
stand for: to compete in an election for an official position
bring in: to introduce
do away with: to abolish or get rid of
clamp down: to do something to stop or limit a particular activity (noun: clampdown)
stand up for: to defend something that you believe is important
life in parliament
go ahead: to start to do something (noun: go-ahead)
back up: to support
enter into: to officially agree to do something
stand up to: to state opinions forcefully and refuse to change your mind or do what others want
carry out: to do or complete something that agree you have said you would do or you have been told to do
forming a new party
stand by: to continue support
stick by: to continue support
break away: to stop being part of a group because you disagree with them or do not want to be controlled by them
carry out: to do something that you have said you will do
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american and australian phrasal verbs
north america
bawl out: (tell off in the uk) to speak angrily to someone
figure out: (work out or suss out in the uk) to find the solution to a problem or the answer to something
goof around/off: (mess about/around in the uk) to behave stupidly or waste time doing unimportant things
wash up: (freshen up in the uk) to clean your hands and face with soap and water
note: wash up means to wash the dishes in the uk
australia
barrack for: (cheer for in the uk) to give support to a team or person
belt into: (throw yourself into in the uk) to begin to do something quickly and with a lot of effort
get into: (lay into in the uk) to criticise
shoot through: (do a runner in the uk) to leave a place suddenly and often secretly
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academic writing
structuring your writing
at the beginning:
start off by: to begin (it is always followed by the ing form)
set out: to explain in an organised way
changing topics or referencing:
move on: to change from one subject to another when talking or writing
turn on: to change the topic to
touch on: to mention briefly
come back to: to start doing something again that you were doing before
follow up on: to give more information related to something mentioned before
pick up on: to connect to, give more attention to
relating to: connected to
base on: to use idea or information as a start for something else
at the end / concluding
sum up: to summarise, to conclude
draw together: to collect
bring together: to collect
arrive at: to reach a result (syn: come to)
more phrasal verbs for writing
go on: to continue
draw on: to use information or your knowledge of something to help you do something
point out: to emphasise
focus on: to give a lot of attention to
account for: to explain, is the reason for
not: in academic writing, go on is also often followed by say/argue/describe.

not: ufak tefek yazım yanlışları olabilir. pek gözden geçirme şansım yok. farklı yayınlarda, farklı sözlüklerde, farklı anlamlar olabilir/görülebilir; hatta buradaki bazı kelimeler onlarda olmayabilir de.
kaynak cambridge english phrasal verbs in use ve cambridge advanced learner's dictionary'dir
örnekli ve alıştırmalı, orijinal yayınlar kullanmanız ayrıca faydalı olabilir.

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